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Regional Settings on your VMM 2012 R2 VM Templates

April 14th, 2014 No comments

When you created VM templates out-of-the-box in System Center Virtual Machine Manager they get the en-US regional settings for all rolled-out VM´s and that in Sweden is not always standard for the IT departments and the IT techi-guy has to configure that manually afterward. This can be altered with either PowerShell or with an unattend.xml file.

If there happens to be some templates that you have not configured with the right regional settings and keyboard layout I have a small PowerShell script that will configure this for all templates in the VMM library.

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Check out this KB2709539 article for more information and also your specific regional codes for your country :-)

Categories: SCVMM, Virtualization Tags:

Using MVMC 2.0 to migrate a VMware VM to Azure IaaS

April 8th, 2014 No comments

This evening (in my timezone) Microsoft released the new version of the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter 2.0 that has the functionality to also migrate VM´s to Azure in the wizard. I wanted to take that path for a spinn to test and see how that worked.

There are still some things to think about when using the tool,

  • it still uses ovf export
  • the VM in VMware is offline during the copy of the vmdk data (it creates a VHD for Azure, but if you choose a Hyper-V host you can set it to create a VHDX instead), this can with large amounts of data take some time and will consume space on the converter server.
  • The VM´s Windows OS has to be joined in a Active Directory domain, and the account being used has administrative rights in the VM to successfully uninstall VMware tools during conversion.
  • No EFI support, meaning that the VM´s in your vSphere has to be setup with BIOS to be able to convert (Windows 2012 and later is from a best practice in VMware configured with EFI), but UEFI support is only on VM´s i generation 2 and Azure does not have that, at least not yet..
  • Notice also that now with version 2.0 there is no support for migrating those Win 2003 VM´s

So how does it work in a migration from a VMware VM to Azure, well first of all in the wizard I select to migrate to Azure

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Then I will add some information for the connection to my Azure subscription (yes I have done some editing in the image so not the whole world reading my blog would se my cert thumbprint and sub id)

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After that I select what storage account I want the VHD to be transferred to (smart to think twice to select the storage account in the region where you have the network configured if you are using site 2 site vpn and such :-P ).

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Then I connect to either vCenter or an ESXi and select what VM I want to convert

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After that I either use the already entered credentials or other and the state of the source VM for a successful VMware tools uninstall and as it is being migrated to Azure I do not get the option to select state of the destination VM (that can of course if used with the Azure PowerShell module and MVMC module be automated)

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For the MVMC to succeed in its task to move the VM to Azure it has to store the VHD somewhere before moving it up to the cloud, the little caveat here is that it will create a fixed size vhd so bare that in mind when selecting the drive so you have space!

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Then it´s time to kickoff the conversion

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And as you can see in my vCenter the conversion is under its way

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And then after some waiting the conversion and the upload to azure has completed,

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Now I can enter the Azure management portal and create a VM and from the gallery select this disk disk_testmigrate_00_os.vhd , as the MVMC creates a disk pointer from the storage blob (the VHD) I do not need to do that part.

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And then I can connect to the VM

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Apparently I had some issues creating the VM as a Basic but using standard it worked nicely and as you can see I managed to get an RDP session to it.. So it was not lost in the cloud as in this Dilbert cartoon :-P

lostdatacenter

Categories: Azure, Virtualization, VMware Tags:

New version of the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter 2.0 and MAT

April 8th, 2014 No comments

Today Microsoft released the long awaited new version of the Virtual Machine Converter (the 1.0 version could be integrated with MAT but had limits in both VMware and Hyper-V latest releases). Microsoft has also released a new version of the MAT (migration automation toolkit) that supports the MVMC 2.0 to automate the migration!

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New Features in MVMC 2.0

MVMC 2.0 release of MVMC includes the following new features:

    • Converts virtual disks that are attached to a VMware virtual machine to virtual hard disks (VHDs) that can be uploaded to Windows Azure.
    • Provides native Windows PowerShell capability that enables scripting and integration into IT automation workflows.
      Note The command-line interface (CLI) in MVMC 1.0 has been replaced by Windows PowerShell in MVMC 2.0.
    • Supports conversion and provisioning of Linux-based guest operating systems from VMware hosts to Hyper-V hosts.
    • Supports conversion of offline virtual machines.
    • Supports the new virtual hard disk format (VHDX) when converting and provisioning in Hyper-V in Windows Server® 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012.
    • Supports conversion of virtual machines from VMware vSphere 5.5, VMware vSphere 5.1, and VMware vSphere 4.1 hosts Hyper-V virtual machines.
    • Supports Windows Server® 2012 R2, Windows Server® 2012, and Windows® 8 as guest operating systems that you can select for conversion

in the link you can read more about the MVMC functionality

As you can see in the wizard the option to upload the converted VM to Azure directly has been added

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And now in this version we have native PowerShell with the MVMC PS module as described above:

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I will show more in a later post how it can be used and how it works with both migrations to Hyper-V and also directly to Azure :-)

both MVMC and MAT can be read about and downloaded here

Categories: Azure, Hyper-V, Powershell, Virtualization, VMware Tags:

testing the new Microsoft Azure Portal

April 3rd, 2014 No comments

Well as I am a techy nerd I have been checking out and following the Build keynote on Channel 9 and found that they now release the Microsoft Azure Portal, it is in Preview but it looks good! Just hope that this also soon comes to the Windows Azure Pack to the hosters

I have signed in at the Portal.Azure.com and as you can see I get a good overview regarding my subscriptions and how the Azure current status is right now

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right now in the preview I cannot handle my IaaS VM´s and networks yet :-(  but that will probably be updated soon I can think …

Categories: Azure, Virtualization Tags:

Installed Windows 8.1 Update that was available from MSDN today

April 2nd, 2014 No comments

Noticed today that during the Build conference that Microsoft released an update to Windows 8.1 and also for Windows Server 2012 R2.

The improvements have been blogged at this MS link

I downloaded from my MSDN and started installing

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In the Update zip there is a text file describing which KB that should be applied first and in what order.

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No problems during the installation but several reboots though :-P

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And once installed I can among other things see that when logging in I get to the desktop directly and I also can find the power button and search from the startscreen!

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Good luck in your upgrade :-)

Categories: Win8 Tags:

Automated PowerShell to keep your template vhd(x) IC updated

March 31st, 2014 No comments

For the Veeam Seminar I did some digging in how to check and also apply updated integrational components on virtual disks in the System Center VMM library and found Ben´s script which I altered to fit my goal. This is quite convenient based on that you can schedule it and always have updated IC´s on those VHDX in the library.

I check and get the current IC´s from one Hyper-V host and thus based on that if it has been updated I also get that update instead of using a copied IC version locally in the VMM server. The script runs on the VMM server and that is why I use the Mount-DiskImage cmdlet instead of the Mount-VHD as that does not work on a non-hyper-V enabled windows server.

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Recordings and code from SMA and Powershell webinar with Veeam

March 29th, 2014 No comments

Last week I had two webinars together with Veeam in the subject of “Automating daunting virtualization tasks”. Now these have been uploaded and shared on Veeams web. One is in swedish and one in english. during the webinar I show some different tasks that can be managed and handled with the Service Management Automation (SMA) and utilizing PowerShell.

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here is the english version: http://www.veeam.com/videos/webinar-replay-service-management-automation-akerlund-en-3932.html

and here is the swedish version: http://www.veeam.com/videos/webinar-replay-service-management-automation-akerlund-sw-3649.html

Here are some of the tasks and the PowerShell code,

First one of the tasks was adding VM´s to cluster where I utilize the function in this link

Next task that can be automated that you always will have a percentage free on the C drive for the VM´s (it both shrinks and expands), I am utilizing the generation 2 VM´s so for this to work your VM´s have to be configured with this latest virtual hardware version on Hyper-V 2012 R2

As you can see when I extend the size I make the VHDx about 230 MB larger to be able to set the partition to the size calculated regarding the overhead of the virtual disk, so if I would have tried to make both the VHDx and partition 15GB it would fail..

The rest of the scripts will be uploaded later in a follow up post. Of course there can be improvements in the ways to do things and if you have any comments or ideas please share :-)

 

Azure Iaas VM not activated on my virtual network

March 25th, 2014 No comments

I have been configuring a demonstration environment on Azure and that connected to my local datacenter with S2S VPN.

I created several VM´s in Azure and during that process I connected them to my own network. One thing I noticed once doing this was that these VM´s was not activated.

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The reason for this appeared to be quite easy and as I had the plan to setup a DC with DNS I only added that in the networking dns settings and the gallery VM´s points to a KMS in Azure and as I did not have a name resolution working the VM´s could not be activated. Checking that you can do a name resolution of the following url shows if you have any potential issues..

NSLOOKUP kms.core.windows.net 

So after I added an second DNS (excuse me for adding a google dns, but it is so easy to remember) and started the VM´s I could see that they been successfully activated :-)

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Happy Azuring :-)

Categories: Azure Tags:

Updated Raiders of the lost Cluster VM´s PowerShell function

March 17th, 2014 No comments

In 2012 I did a blogpost about a PowerShell function to find VM´s on Hyper-V Cluster nodes that was not configured as cluster resources and thus not being Highly Available in case of a hardware failure or maintenance work on the Hyper-V hosts…

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I have today made an update to the function so that it only gives the VM´s that have either SMB or CSV storage and not if you for some reason have VM´s residing on local storage within your clusternodes which can be the case for domain controllers or other appliances etc..

Good luck in your raid for the Lost Ark ;-)

Categories: Hyper-V, Powershell, Virtualization Tags:

Veeam webinar 19/3: Automate daunting virtualization tasks with SMA

March 5th, 2014 No comments

On wednesday the 19th of March I will together with Veeam have a web seminar with the topic:

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Automate daunting virtualization tasks  with SMA

Now that you have set up your virtualization environment, you’ll want to automate it. In this webinar, you will learn how to do this with Service Management Automation(SMA) and how to integrate automated tasks into the Hyper-V virtualization environment. You will use different runbooks to automate some boring but necessary tasks that IT admins have to do.

This webinar will show you how to:

  • Automate patching of virtualization hosts
  • Expand virtual hard disks based on usage
  • Automatically update integrational components on VMs
  • Automatically update virtual hard disk templates
  • Clean old snapshots that have been forgotten
  • And more…

If you want to register and be part of this crazy one hour with the Swedish Chef you can do it on the following link

And guess what, It comes in a swedish version also! Check out in the following link and if you understand Swedish, register here!